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Archive for the 'Durban' Category

Ten of the worst REDD-type projects

Posted by jinn on 6th December 2011

A great review of the “No REDD Papers, Volume 1″ is re-posted below, in honor of Forest Day, where about 1,050 people, including more than 200 official climate change negotiators, met on the sidelines of the 17th UNFCCC Conference of Parties in Durban on December 4, 2011.

By Chris Lang, 23rd November 2011

Re-posted from REDD Monitor

A recently released booklet, “No REDD Papers, Volume 1” (pdf file 2.5 MB), includes a list of 10 of the worst REDD-type projects affecting indigenous peoples. The booklet was produced by Carbon Trade Watch, Global Justice Ecology Project, Indigenous Environmental Network, Justseeds Artists’ Cooperative and Timberwatch Coalition.

The booklet also includes critiques of carbon trading, explanations of how REDD threatens Indigenous Peoples, local communities and forests. It looks at the potential beneficiaries of REDD and explains why REDD is not a solution. A fascinating article by Tom Goldtooth of the Indigenous Environmental Network explains why REDD cannot be fixed by attempts to detach it from the carbon markets, by attempts to ensure that the money “goes to the right place”, or by attempts to include free, prior and informed consent.

See the list of the ten worst REDD-type projects, from No REDD Papers, Volume I.

image source:
http://www.forestsclimatechange.org/home.html

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Climate change threatens fishing and farming communities in Nigeria

Posted by jinn on 6th December 2011

News Segments
Wed, 11/23/2011 – 15:09

Reposted from Free Speech Radio News

Year: 2011
Length: 5:30 minutes (5.03 MB)
Format: MP3 Mono 44kHz 128Kbps (CBR)

Play audio

Nations are gathering in Durban, South Africa for the next round of climate change talks. Developing nations and those most vulnerable to climate change are calling for strong commitments of emissions reduction and funding from the world’s richer nations. Past meetings in Copenhagen and Cancun have failed to create a lasting accord to confront climate change and scientists warn that time is running out.

A new report from the UN’s agency of climate scientists, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, predicts extreme weather will increase in the coming decades, including heavy rainfall and hurricanes, heat waves and droughts.

Today, we go to Nigeria, where climate change is already having an effect on the livelihoods of women in the traditional occupations of farming and fishing.
Sam Olukoya reports from Lagos.

Full transcript:

LEDE: The United Nations Climate Change Conference is due to start in Durban, South Africa, at the end of this month. The conference is aimed at working out an international agreement on limiting emissions of greenhouse gases which are responsible for climate change. Women in low income African societies are among those feeling the worst impacts of climate change. In particular, poverty is growing among African women whose traditional occupation is farming and fishing as changing weather patterns affect their source of livelihood. Sam Olukoya reports from Lagos.

DISC: Actuality of ocean waves

SAM: Ocean waves are eroding Nigeria’s Atlantic coastline and the mostly poor residents of Nigeria’s coastal communities are living with the effects. Scientists say climate change is responsible for the rising sea levels.  Ibeno, a large community in South Eastern Nigeria made up of several small islands is one of the worst hit areas. Entire islands have been submerged, displacing thousands of their inhabitants. Many of those displaced – especially women – say they have become poorer because the displacement makes it difficult for them to continue fishing in a sustainable manner. Amuwa Tade is one of the displaced women.

DISC:  (speaks in Yoruba) Needs voice over

Translation: The Ocean seriously affected us. All the children in school have returned home. They have sent them away from school, because there is no money for their school fees. See the way I am dressed, see the shoes I am wearing. I have not eaten since morning. I am living on my past glory. This is how we have been affected.

DISC: Actuality of a woman clearing weeds.

SAM: A woman clears weeds on her farm in Kano Northern Nigeria. Like their counterparts who make a livelihood from fishing, African women who farm are also facing problems caused by climate change. In Northern Nigeria AND BORDERING REGIONS, declining rainfall and desert encroachment which are both attributed to climate change have seriously affected women farmers.

The West African State of Niger has also been affected.  Aminatou Daouda Hainikoye a lawyer from the country says available water for farming has been declining over the years. Hainikoye, who is a legal advocate for small farmers, says women are at a disadvantage in securing access to the shrinking supply of water for agricultural use.

DISC: Speaks in Hausa (Needs voice over)

Translation: The lands closest to the rivers are the most expensive.  The prices of such lands have been on the increase, because they contain the water that can be used for farming. Now where will poor women get the money to purchase expensive lands? We did a study and we found out that men are the owners of all the lands close to the rivers.

SAM: The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations says women are the majority of farmers in many developing countries like those of Africa. Experts say the effect of climate change on Africa’s food security would negatively affect the continent’s women farmers because of their role in agriculture. Desmond Majekodunmi is an environmentalist with the Lagos based Nigerian Conservation Foundation.

DISC: You have food scarcity because of the inclement weather, crops would no longer grow as well as they should because crops are used to certain timing schedules of rain and water and now those schedules are being disrupted and this would definitely affect food security and women are on the front line of food procurement and food marketing so it is affecting our women folks

SAM: Industrialized nations are mainly responsible for greenhouse gas emissions, but poor countries like those in Africa are the ones bearing the brunt of climate change. Developed nations had in the last years made several promises including the provision of 30 billion dollars between 2010 and 2012, to enable developing nations to adapt to climate change. A report by the International Institute for Environment and Development released ahead of the climate change conference in Durban says the wealthy nations are not fulfilling their promise. The London based international research organization says the implication of this is that poor countries will find it harder to adapt to climate change caused by the actions of others. Sam Olukoya FSRN, Lagos.

image info: photo by go_greener_oz on Flickr, creative commons attribution
http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-3047060508

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Posted in Africa, COP17, Durban, Niger Delta, Uncategorized | No Comments »

Climate talks: Strong concerns in Niger Delta over agenda by rich nations

Posted by jinn on 6th December 2011

Re-posted from All Voices
By AkanimoReports

ENVIRONMENTAL rights advocacy groups in the Niger Delta, Nigeria’s main oil and gas region, have joined Friends of the Earth International (FoEI) in expressing strong concerns over the stated agenda of the United States and a number of other developed countries at the forthcoming United Nations climate talks in Durban, South Africa, from November 28 to December 9.

Co-ordinator of the Centre for Environment, Human Rights and Development (CEHRD), Mr. Patrick Naagbanton, told AkanimoReports in Port Harcourt, the Rivers State capital, yesterday that the global grassroots environmental federation is calling on other governments to stop these countries from undermining the globally-agreed framework for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and to ensure stronger targets for legally binding emissions cuts in line with science and equity.

The climate talks have been deadlocked since the beginning of the decade because of the failure of developed countries – those historically responsible for the bulk of the climate-changing emissions – to deliver on their moral and legal obligations for climate action.

Full article

photo credit: Kendra E. Thornbury
http://www.sweetcrudemovie.com/photoGallery.php?SECTION=1&SHOW_GALLERY=YES&DB_OFFSET=15

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Posted in CEHRD, COP17, Durban, Niger Delta, Nnimmo Bassey, UN, Uncategorized, UNFCCC | No Comments »

Nnimmo Bassey on what to expect from Durban climate talks

Posted by jinn on 18th November 2011

Interview by Pambazuka News

Re-posted from LINKS

November 2, 2011 — It’s unlikely there will be “an equitable outcome” from the COP17 climate talks, to be held in Durban in December 2011, but it will be “a great moment to intensify campaigns against the business-as-usual manner” in which climate negotiations have been conducted so far, Friends of the Earth International’s Nnimmo Bassey told Pambazuka News.

* * *

Pambazuka News: What role will Environmental Rights Action (ERA) and Friends of the Earth International be playing at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP17) in Durban? What will you be pushing for?

Nnimmo Bassey: While there is a generally low level of expectation from the Durban Conference of the Parties (COP17), we see it as a great moment to stand with impacted peoples and the environmental justice movement and call for a climate tackling regime that understands the depth of the crises and the fact that the impacts are already manifesting. We will push for polluting countries to cut emissions at the source and not through offsets and related market mechanisms that help polluters profit from the damage they do. We will push for legally binding emissions reduction targets to ensure that temperature increase is kept below 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. ERA will demand the recognition and payment of the accumulated climate debt due to centuries of exploitation and colonisation of the atmosphere.

Friends of the Earth International will particularly bring to light the negative impacts of carbon markets, dirty energy, dams, agrofuels, plantations/industrial agriculture – all funded or potentially fundable through the carbon markets. We will also highlight land grabs and related issues. Details of our full focus are still being fine-tuned. As you know, we have member groups in 76 countries and each of these is autonomous so we invest time and energy in consultations. You will hear of our detailed plans once they are ready.

Judging from the outcome of the COP 16 in Cancun, Mexico, obtaining a multilateral agreement through which those most to blame for causing climate change take responsibility for the damage they are causing to those most affected by climate change, is unlikely to happen at COP17 in Durban, South Africa. But even though this is expected to be the case, why is the Durban event still important for climate justice activists?

You are right to say that we may not expect an equitable outcome from Durban. Nevertheless, Durban will be a great moment to intensify campaigns against the business-as-usual manner [in which] the negotiations have been conducted. Durban has a rich history that will inspire the climate justice movement to get stronger. Remember that Gandhi’s non-violent resistance was more or less birthed in Durban. Some of the most intense organising against apartheid also occurred in Durban. Currently, Durban is the hub of the environmental justice activism in South Africa. This has not occurred accidentally. Durban has some of the most polluted neighbourhoods in the country, with highly polluting refineries and chemical factories located there.

The building rage on the streets of Durban will inspire the climate justice movement. For me, the need to resist the planned offshore exploration for crude oil off the coast of Durban, an act that is bound to rub salt in raw injuries, holds an additional pull.

Hypothetically speaking, what in your mind would be the key aspects of a just global climate deal and why?

Getting polluters to accept to cut emissions at source and to the extent required by science to keep global temperatures below 1.5 degrees Celsius. A regime of voluntary targets would simply translate to roasting Africa and sinking the small island states.

Full article

image: Nnimmo Bassey (centre). Photo: Right Livelihood Award Foundation.

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